Soraya Post, Swedish Member of the European Parliament and first MEP from a feminist party, talks to us about intersectionality, inclusive feminism and Muslim women, ahead of the launch of ENAR’s Forgotten Women report. This project aims to document the effect of Islamophobia on women and develop alliances between the anti-racism and feminist movements to better address the intersectional discrimination affecting Muslim women.
Intersectionality is based on the idea that different power relations interact and reinforce each other. You cannot effectively combat racism if you do not also consider and combat sexism and other forms of discrimination. It helps us to see multiple forms of discrimination operating at the same time, for example in the case of minority women or LGBTI persons with minority background.
An intersectional feminism is needed to effectively address the realities and discrimination of all women; minority women, LGBTI women, women with disabilities etc. If feminism is serious about being a movement for all women, it needs to address the diverse realities of women. If we want to achieve an equal society for everyone we need to address the homophobia, sexism, ableism within our own communities as well as in the mainstream society.
I don t think this has been done enough, and sometimes it has even been resisted actively by the mainstream feminist movement. Just as in the society at large, the feminist movement has not been free of racism or other inequalities. However, there has been a lot of hard work done by Muslim feminists as well as other feminists with a minority background and today I see them set the agenda for the whole feminist movement. Things are changing and I think the building of coalitions between different minority women is crucial for the survival and development of the feminist movement.
Women have always played a central role in the anti-racist movement, although they have not always been made visible. Women with a minority background have also often been silenced and excluded from the feminist movement. However, we now see feminists with different minority backgrounds taking the leadership of both these movements. I think the feminist and anti-racist movements are becoming more and more intertwined thanks to the work done by anti-racist feminists. Fascism is growing all over Europe and we have far-right parties in all our parliaments. I think in this situation, we have no choice but to join forces and organise ourselves better together.
Women need to have real influence in decision-making processes at all levels. We need effective measures against discrimination in the labour market and in all spheres of society. Equality bodies need more resources and a mandate to implement the legislation in place, and at the EU level we need to make sure the anti-discrimination directive which has unfortunately been stuck in the Council for years now, is adopted. All policies for gender equality need to have an intersectional perspective and minority women need to be consulted and involved in the policy work for gender equality at all levels.
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ENAR’s Equal@work Platform brings together businesses, social partners, NGOs, public authorities and academics committed to diversity and inclusion, to find solutions for the participation of ethnic minorities in the labour market.